Viewpoint invariant face recognition using independent component analysis and attractor networks.

Marian Stewart Bartlett and Terrence J. Sejnowski

Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 9, M. Mozer, M. Jordan, and T. Petsche (Eds.), MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1997. p. 817-823.


We have explored two approaches to recognizing faces across changes in pose. First, we developed a representation of face images based on independent component analysis (ICA) and compared it to a principal component analysis (PCA) representation for face recognition. The ICA basis vectors for this data set were more spatially local than the PCA basis vectors and the ICA representation had greater invariance to changes in pose. Second, we present a model for the development of viewpoint invariant responses to faces from visual experience in a biological system. The temporal continuity of natural visual experience was incorporated into an attractor network model by Hebbian learning following a lowpass temporal filter on unit activities. When combined with the temporal filter, a basic Hebbian update rule became a generalization of Griniasty et al. (1993), which associates temporally proximal input patterns into basins of attraction. The system acquired representations of faces that were largely independent of pose.